So now that we know the major precipitating factor is shoes, the sensible move would be to avoid shoes that aggravate the condition. Shoes that are too narrow, or have too high a heel, or are made of very stiff material will all go a long way to aggravating the tailors bunion. Sometimes going in and removing the enlarged bone is all that is necessary, but in general, if there is a real lateral flare to the fifth metatarsal bone, an osteotomy (cutting and resetting of the bone to change its angulation) may be necessary. This will improve your flexibility and blood flow in your feet and big toes. Take a thick rubber band and loop it around your big toes. Spread your feet about four inches apart. This should make the rubber band taut. Pull the band with your toes for about three seconds and then relax. Do this 10 times, take a 30-second break and repeat the set. Towel Pick Up Don’t buy shoes under the belief they will stretch! Your heel should fit comfortably in the shoe with a slight amount of slippage. They may be suffering from hammer toe, hallux valgus and Achilles tendon damage. Women wear high heels, leaning forward so that the whole body weight down to the toe, the higher the foot heel pressure. At the same time, the knee and back may also be affected, and the resulting disease. About 10 per cent of United Kingdom female wears high heels at least three days a week. A recent survey found that one-third of the women wear high heels when walking the floor. Thin heels were first popular in the 1930s. Many bunion correction procedures can be done on a same-day basis. The type of procedure will depend on your physical health, the extent of the foot deformity, your age, and your activity level. The recovery time will depend on which procedure or procedures are performed. Valgus malformation of the great toe, commonly known as a bunion, is a very common and potentially painful and debilitating condition of unclear etiology. This topic review will provide an overview of the relevant anatomy, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of hallux valgus. Toe and foot injuries are discussed elsewhere. (See "Toe fractures in adults" and "Metatarsal shaft fractures") Besides footwear, there are other factors also which can cause these toe deformities. Hereditary factors (congenital causes), arthritic changes in and around toe joint, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis (more common in women), weak ligament, excessive pronation (flattening of foot arch due to excess pressure on foot tissue and joints) and nerve impingement can also cause bunions. External factors like foot injury may also result in toe deformity. Using bunion splints can effectively reduce the swelling caused by bunions. They are to be placed between the big toe and second toe when sleeping and they help in straightening the misalignment of toe bone caused by bunions. Bunion shields can also be used. Aug 27, 2010 By Sarka-Jonae Miller Photo Caption A normal big toe points straight ahead, unlike with hallux valgus, when the big toe points toward the toe next to it. Photo Credit Foot image by DXfoto.com from Fotolia.com Hallux valgus is a condition in which the big toe of the foot curves out and then back in toward the second toe. This creates a bunion. Wearing wider shoes to make room for the protrusion may be enough to deal with the problem, but often surgery is needed to correct the misalignment. Exercises without surgery may reduce symptoms, but exercises after surgery are necessary for rehabilitation. Dorsiflexing the Big Toe Foot pain is very common and an estimated 75% of people will suffer from some type of foot pain at some point in their life. The foot is a complex structure made of 26 bones, 33 joints and layered with an intertwining web of more than 120 muscles, ligaments and nerves. With each step we take, a force of 2-3 our body weight is placed on our feet and during a typical day, people take 8,000 - 10,000 steps. Therefore it comes as no surprise that at some time in our lives we will suffer some type of foot complaint. The main cause of bunions is genetics, but they can also be caused by bad footwear and improper technique, or sometimes in ballet dancers starting pointe work too early or with ill fitting pointe shoes. Make sure that all your shoes fit properly, and the big toe joint should always line up straight with the metatarsal. When practising your ballet dancing, avoid winging your foot (this is sticking the big toe forward when pointing) or putting sideways pressure on your big toe. Also, when you close your feet to fifth position, avoid using to much forceful pressure on the floor.